An interesting quote. The speaker is an African economics expert who (IMNHO rightly) concludes that poverty in Africa cannot and will not EVER be solved by western aid. As well meaning as that is, it is crippling Africa. It is really a massively larger example of what welfare does to the spirit. I've always kept the notions of charity and welfare separate. Charity is something freely given and freely (often grudgingly) accepted. Welfare is institutionalization of giving. Over time the mentality of entitlement sets in and it kills the spirit. Saps the will to better one's own position. Writ large, you have Africa. Singapore, Korea, and India are doing far far better because of (not in spite of) a lack of foreign aid.
Trade, not aid will improve their lives.